Political Spectrum

by theDataTalks . 17 Feb 2019

The political term Left & Right refers to the 17th-century seating arrangement in the French Estates-General.

The people who sat on the left side opposed the monarchy and supported secularism & the people who sat on the right side were supportive of the traditional institutions. The use of the term “Left” become more prominent after 1815.

It is considered by many leaders that social values are as important as economic values for a better society.


Right-wing politics hold that certain social order and hierarchies are inevitable.

The Core values are conservative, cultural, efficiency, tradition, property rights, free market, rule of law & small government.


Left-wing politics supports social equality and opposition to social hierarchy.

The core values are absolute state control, economic position done by state planning or communes, (communism or democratic socialism)


Lean-to leftism but closer to the centre than other left-wing parties.


Lean to rightism but closer to centre than other right-wing parties.

The personalities mentioned below in each quadrant are based on our understanding of their public decisions & speeches given.

Each quadrant has different set of values and it is impossible to apply all the values for each and every personalities mentioned in the quadrant.

I Quadrant: (Hitler, Winston Churchill)

Neo-conservative – Core values are free-market capitalism, interventionist foreign policies, the global assertion of national values

Authoritarian (falls close to the vertical line of the political spectrum) – Core values are favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority at the expense of personal freedom.

Fascism (falls close to the vertical line of the political spectrum) – Core values are ultra-nationalism & authoritative.

II Quadrant: (Fidel Castro, Stalin)

Progressivism – Believed that the problems faced by a society (poverty, violence, greed, racism, class warfare) could best be addressed by providing good education, a safe environment, and an efficient workplace.

III Quadrant: (Mahatma Gandhi, William Godwin, Nelson Mandela)

Democratic – Rule by people.

IV Quadrant: (Karl Marx, Milton Friedman)

Paleo-conservative – Advocates extremely traditional forms of conservatism.

Libertarianism – Liberty as a core principle and it has many individual concepts like free migration, free trade, free market, anti-capitalism, etc.

Neo-liberalism (falls close to Horizontal line of the political spectrum) – Transfer control of economic factors from the public sector to the private sector, free-market capitalism, away from government spending, regulation, and public ownership.

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